On 24 January 2014, Miriam Coronel Ferer, Chief Negotiator of the Philippine Government, and Mohagher Iqbal, Chief Negotiator of the Philippine Government, signed a peace agreement in Kuala Lumpur. The deal would pave the way for the creation of the new Muslim autonomous entity called „Bangsamoro,“ according to a law that must be approved by the Philippine Congress. JICA congratulates the Philippine government and the MILF on this landmark agreement, which is an opportunity to move closer to true peace and sustainable prosperity. This is JICA`s sincere wish to continue to support conflict-affected areas by supporting institution-building and human resource development by the new Bangsamoro government, improving people`s livelihoods and improving regional development in the medium and long term. The government wants to set up the region by 2016. The agreement calls for Muslim self-management in parts of the southern Philippines in exchange for a deactivation of rebel forces by the MILF. The MILF forces would hand over their firearms to third parties chosen by the MILF and the Philippine government. A regional police force would be established and the Philippine army would reduce the presence of troops and help dismantle private armies in the area.  In the agreement, the government committed to modifying a 37-year experiment in autonomy whose current version, the Muslim Autonomous Region of Mindanao (ARMM), has not lived up to the Moro people`s aspiration for freedom through a highly centralized government.
 „The seal of the comprehensive agreement is not only for the Bangsamoro, the people of Mindanao and all other Filipino citizens, all of whom must win as a country that continues its unfinished mission of nation-building. “ – Prof Miriam Coronel-Ferrer, President of the GPH Peace Body The Comprehensive Agreement on Bangsamoro (CAB) is a final peace agreement that took place on March 27, 2014 at the Malacañang Palace in Manila, between the Philippine government. n and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front has been signed.  As part of the deal, Islamic separatists would hand over their firearms to third parties chosen by the rebels and the Philippine government. The MILF has agreed to decommission its armed wing, the Bangsamoro Islamic Armed Forces (BIAF). In exchange, the government would establish an autonomous Bangsamoro. Power-sharing has been a focal point in the overhaul of autonomy. It also reaffirms the commitment of both parties to the following agreements/documents: on 15 October 2012, the Philippine government signed a highly hypnotized document, presented as a framework agreement on the Bangsamoro, which culminated in the Aquino government`s efforts to end the deadlock in the peace process. The new document, which provides only a general framework for the actual peace negotiations, announced that „the status quo is unacceptable and that the Bangsamoro must be created to replace the Muslim Autonomous Region of Mindanao (ARMM). The Bangsamoro was the new autonomous political unit (NPE) referred to in the april 2012 principles decision points. According to President Aquino, it was the agreement that „could finally seal a real and lasting peace in Mindanao.“  Bangsamoro replaced ARMM, described by President Benigno Aquino III as a „failed experiment.“  In order to pursue its goal of liberating Bangsamoro, the MNLF involved government forces in extensive armed collisions, which culminated in the early 70s, when rebel blitzes allowed them to control a considerable number of communities around Cotabato City and its airport complex.
This led the Marcos regime to strengthen the military presence by deploying nearly three-quarters of the army in most Muslim regions of Mindanao. Things took another turn in 1976, when Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi struck an agreement that led to the signing of the Tripoli Agreement, which introduced the concept of an autonomous Muslim region in Mindanao. . . .