There are two types of repo maturities: the term and the open pension. The underlying guarantee for many repurchase transactions is in the form of government or corporate bonds. Equity exposures are simply deposits on shares such as common shares (or common shares). Some complications may arise due to the increased complexity of tax rules on dividends, unlike coupons. There are mechanisms built into the possibility of buyback agreements to reduce this risk. For example, many depots are over-secure. In many cases, a margin call may take effect to ask the borrower to change the securities offered when the security loses value. In situations where the value of the security is likely to increase and the creditor cannot resell it to the borrower, subsecured protection can be used to reduce risk. Unlike explicit levers, implicit leverage does not appear on a hedge fund`s balance sheet. Implicit leverage is commonly referred to as off-balance sheet financing. Implicit leverage can take many forms, some more risky than others.
This type of leverage includes options, futures, forwards and swaps. From a leverage point of view, these products allow investors to obtain the profitability of a security without having to find the money to buy it. In the case of options, a premium is paid for this lever, mainly because of the limited inconvenience; the maximum that the investor can lose is the premium paid for the option. However, there is no prepayment for futures, advances and swaps; costs are built into the contract. Some forms of repo transactions have been highlighted in the financial press because of the technical details of the comparisons that followed the collapse of Refco in 2005. From time to time, a party participating in a repo transaction may not have a specific loan at the end of the repo contract. This can lead to a number of errors from one party to another, as long as different parties have acted for the same underlying instrument. Media attention is focused on attempts to mitigate these errors. For the party that sells security and agrees to buy it back in the future, it is a repo; for the party at the other end of the transaction, the purchase of the warranty and the consent to sell in the future, it is a reverse buyback contract. 1) The dependence of the tripartite retirement market on intra-day credit provided by clearing banks, like many other parts of finance, includes terminology that is not common elsewhere. One of the most common terms in repo space is „leg.“ There are different types of legs: for example, the part of the retirement activity that originally sells security is sometimes called „starting leg,“ while the subsequent buyback is the „close leg.“ These terms are sometimes replaced by „Near Leg“ or „Far Leg.“ Near a repo transaction, security is sold. After the 2008 financial crisis, investors focused on a certain type of „repo,“ known as Repo 105.
It has been speculated that these deposits played a role in Lehman Brothers` attempts to conceal its declining financial health that led to the crisis. In the years following the crisis, the repo market declined significantly in the United States and abroad. However, in recent years it has recovered and continued to grow. Banks can ask for more cash or guarantees and increase the repo-spread they require when the market becomes acidic. In addition, banks have a much higher cost of capital than in 2008 and, in the midst of a market surge such as March, these securitized products may prove too heavy for many traders.